The outstanding universal of the Thang Long – Hanoi Citadel in Vietnam is to be found in the way the sites manifests, in its exemplary detail construction technology, town plan, monumental and plastic arts and landscape design, in the connection between the policical processes of the nation-state formation and differentation from the other poities, and the consequent flowering of local cultural achievements.
The remains of the Thang Long Royal Citadel in Hanoi are a national historical and architechtural-artistic relic. They bear witness to the history of the Thang Long Royal Citadel and the headquarters of the Vietnam people’s army during the Vietnam War.
Among the relics which remain until today are the Flag Tower, Doan Mon, foundation of the Kinh Thien Palace, Hau Lau, Bac Mon, House D67 and its underground shelter, and a wall and eight gates of the Nguyen Dynasty palace.
In 2002, the Institue of Archaelogy conducted and excavation at the site of 18 Hoang Dieu Street. The excavation has unearthed a complex of various architectural forms in different layers. The uncovered artifacts confirm the fact that political, economic and cultural central for 10 centuries.
Hanoi Flag Tower – one of the most feature image in Hanoi Vietnam
The Flag Tower was built within the Hanoi Citadel between 1805 and 1812 during the Nguyen dynasty. The 40-meter tower consists of three large, imposing tiers and an octagonal-shaped tower.
Doan Mon (Southern Gate) – main path leading to the Forbidden City
The 6-meter Doan Mon was built with stone and large, thick bricks. It has 5 arched doors, and its central door has a stone carved with the Chinese characters meaning Doan Mon (Southern Gate).
Kinh Thien Palace – remain the old foundation and two stone dragon staircases
The Kinh Thien Palace was built in 1428. The dragon staircase in front of the palace was built in 1467 and has 9 steps. Two stone dragon banisters devided it into three sections. The central path was reserved for the king, and the two side paths for mandarins.
The archeological site at No 18 Hoang Dieu – valuable artifacts of the Thang Long Hanoi citadel
The historical and revolutionary relics founded in the area of Thang Long – Hanoi Citadel constitute a group of overlapping relics existing throughout more than 10 centuries, and evidence of the immortality of the capital of the country and the symbol of the history of heroic national buiding and defence of the Vietnamese nation.
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