Angkor Thom is undeniably an expression of the highest genius. It is, in three dimensions and on a scale worthy of an entire nation, the materialization of Buddhist cosmology, representing ideas that only great painters would dare to portray. it’s amazing and must see in Cambodia.
Angkor Thom located in present day Cambodia was the last and most enduring capital city of the Khmer empire. It was established in the late twelfth century by King Jayavarman VII. It covers an area of 9 km², within which are located several monuments from earlier eras as well as those established by Jayavarman and his successors. At the center of the city is Jayavarman’s state temple, the Bayon, with the other major sites clustered around the Victory Square immediately to the north.
Symbolically, Angkor Thom is a microcosm of the universe, divided into four parts by the main axes. The temple of the Bayon is situated at the exact center of the axes and stands as the symbolical link between heaven and earth. The wall enclosing the city of Angkor Thom represents the stonewall around the universe and the mountain ranges around Meru. The surrounding moat (now dry) symbolizes the cosmic ocean.
These structures were built of wood and have perished but the remaining stone monuments testify that Angkor Thom was indeed a “Great City” as its name implies. Temples inside the walls of the city are:
- Baphuon,Terrace of the Elephants
- Terrace of the Leper King, Prah Palilay
- Tep Pranam and Prasat Suor Prat.
Through here all comers to the city had to pass, and in honor of this function, it has been built in a style grandiose and elegant, forming a whole, incomparable in its strength and expression.
Unimaginable. You would not believe the scale and the architecture of this ancient structure. You got to be there to discover Angkor Thom.
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